Chapter 6:Forty Hadith about the virtues of Martyrdom

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Hadith number 6:

Nu’aym ibn Hammār – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that a man came to the Prophet ﷺ and said, “Which martyrs are the best?” He replied, “Those who when they meet the enemy in ranks do not turn their faces away until they are killed. They shall roam in ecstasy in the highest rooms of paradise, and your Lord will laugh at them, and if your Lord laughs at a slave in a place then there is no reckoning for him”.

Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Ya’la, al-Țabarāni in Awsat and Musnad Ash-Shamiyeen, and by Ibn Abī ‘Ašim, and authenticated by Sheikh al-Albānī.

Some lessons from the Hadith:

1) There is in it confirmation of the attribute of laughter of Allah, the Most High, in a manner that befits His majesty.

2) The preference of some martyrs over others, and that they are all not equal.

3) The virtue of steadfastness in slaughtering the enemy and coming close to them during the battle. And it also includes the virtue of Inghimas (frontline soldiers who storm into the enemy ranks).

4) The reward gets multiplied due to correct intention and due to the heart being truthful in its determination.

Hadith number 7:

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ūd – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Allah the Most High, is astonished by a man who fought in the path of Allah and whose companions fled. So he knew what was upon him, and so he returned and fought until his blood was spilt. So Allah, the Exalted, will say to the angels, “Look at my slave! He returned out of hope for what I have (of reward) and out of fear for what I have (of punishment) until his blood was spilt”.

Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dāwūd (the words are his), and Ibn Hibbān, and al-Hākim who said “it’s chain of narration is authentic”, and al-Bayhaqi and others. Sheikh al-Albāni classified it as Hasan.

Some lessons from the Hadith:

1) There is in it confirmation of the attribute of astonishment of Allah, the Most High, in a manner that befits His majesty.

2) Allah mentioning and praising His slave in the highest assembly (in the heavens).

3) The excellence of having both hope and fear at the time of doing actions.

4) That beneficial knowledge is that which produces the necessary action, based on his ﷺ saying, “…So he knew what was upon him”.

5) The steadfastness of a fighter while his companions flee expresses the meaning of Allah’s saying, “Fight in the path of Allah, you are not held responsible except for yourself”.

6) The virtue of a single man remaining steadfast in front of a huge congregation to absolve himself (from the sin of fleeing from battle). It shows the religious validity, or rather the virtue, of Inghimas (storming alone into the enemy’s ranks).

7) A man’s eagerness to spill his own blood in Jihad and throwing himself into the appropriate place to do such out of longing for (the reward) that is with Allah and fearing (the punishment) that is with Him, such an act is not considered as destroying or killing oneself, rather the one who does such is praised with the utmost praise.

8) Strength of certainty in the hereafter will bring forth strength for the actions of this life and for patience over its hardships, and vice versa.

9) The prohibition of fleeing from battle, and that the one who does such is subject to punishment in accordance with his ﷺ saying, “He knew what will be upon him (of punishment) for fleeing” in some wordings of the Hadith.

10) The excellence of upholding the truth when people neglect it or abandon it.

11) The gathering and agreement of people in doing a sin does not justify participation in it. Rather, the one who opposes them and separates from them should be praised.

12) One benefits from his actions according to his intention and aim.

13) Confirmation of paradise for the one who is martyred in the path of Allah.

14) The legitimacy of resisting the enemy by risking one’s life and seeking martyrdom in such manner.

15) The truth may be on the side other than that of the majority. Thus, a single man may be upon it while a great number may miss it.

Miscellaneous points:

First: Some of the titles for this section given by the Imams (of Hadith) – may Allah have mercy upon them.

Abu Dawud mentioned it under ‘Section: A man who sells himself (for the sake of Allah by offering his life)’.

Al-Bayhaqi under ‘Section: The virtue of martyrdom for the sake of Allah Almighty’, and also under ‘Section: What has been stated regarding the saying of Allah Almighty “Spend in the way of Allah and do not throw (yourselves) with your (own) hands into destruction”.

And Ibn Hibban under: ‘Mention of what is recommended for a man, striving for night prayer and staying firm when establishing the word of Allah, which is the highest’. And his Hadith mentions a man that rose up at night eagerly for prayer amidst his family and his beloved one.

Secondly: Al-Manawi – may Allah have mercy on him – said: In it is that the intention of the fighter in Jihad by hoping for reward and by fearing the punishment for fleeing is taken into consideration when explaining how he returned back with the wish (to fight till death).

Thirdly: Ibn Al-Qayyim said: “He (Allah) will laugh at the man whose companions fled from the enemy but he went towards them and sold his soul to Allah and threw his throat to them until he was killed for the love of Allah and for His pleasure”. I say that what has been mentioned in this Hadeeth is the astonishment of the Lord, the exalted. Al-Bayhaqi said in ‘Al-Asma wa al-Sifaat’ that ‘It was narrated by Abu Ubaydah from Ibn Mas’ood from a statement of his about two men at whom Allah will laugh, and then he mentioned them’.

Al Hakim also related and likewise Al-Bayhaqi in Al-Asma wa Al-Sifat narrated from Abu Al-Darda who said that the prophet ﷺ said: ‘Three persons whom Allah loves and laughs at and rejoices at are: The one who when his group gets defeated (in battle) he remained behind fighting for the sake of Allah the Exalted, to be either killed or be made victorious by Allah the Exalted who will be sufficient for him. Then Allah will say, look at this slave of mine, how he was patient by giving his soul for me”. Al-Haithami said: ‘It has been narrated by Al-Tabarani in al-Kabeer and its narrators are all trustworthy. Sheikh Albani classified it as Hasan.

So Allah will laugh and be astonished at the one who performs this action. And what an honourable and great merit is that…!

Fourthly: Ibn Hajar – may Allah have mercy on him – said: “As for the matter of a single man attacking a great number of enemies, the majority of the scholars have stated that if it is to show bravery and he thought he can terrorize the enemy by that, or motivate the Muslims against them, or something like that with the correct intentions, then it is good. And if it was just recklessness, then it is prohibited, especially if it leads to the Muslims becoming weak. And Allah knows best”.

It is as if they made bravery a condition so that he would not be hesitant or turn back in this kind of situation that requires firmness to motivate the Muslims who are behind him.

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